Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, is located at 112 ° 42 '- 114 ° 14' e and 34 ° 16 '- 34 ° 58' n. Zhengzhou is located in the hinterland of China, known as "heaven and earth" in history, the ancient city of Commerce, and now the green city. The city was established in March 1928, and now governs 6 districts, 5 cities and 1 county (among them, Gongyi is the pilot city of administrative system reform of counties directly under Henan Province), Zhengzhou airport Experimental Zone (Zhengzhou Xinzheng Comprehensive Bonded Zone), Zhengdong New Area, Zhengzhou Economic Development Zone and Zhengzhou High Tech zone. The city has a total area of 7446 square kilometers, a population of 9.881 million, an urban area of 1010 square kilometers, a built-up area of 549.33 square kilometers in the central urban area (including the airport economic comprehensive experimental area), a built-up area of 830.97 square kilometers in the urban area, and a urbanization rate of 72.2%. Zhengzhou is a famous historical and cultural city in China, an excellent tourist city in China, a national health city, a national garden city, a national forest city, a national green model city, a national advanced city of scientific and technological progress, a national model city of double support, and a national civilized city.
Zhengzhou is an important birthplace of Chinese civilization, a national historical and cultural city, one of China's eight ancient capitals, one of the six major sites area supported by the state, and a member of the world historical metropolis alliance. In history, Xia, Shang, Guan, Zheng, and Han were founded here, and Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties, song, Jin, yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties established their states here. Peiligang cultural site 8000 years ago and Dahe village cultural site 6000 years ago are famous sites of ancient human activities. Xuanyuan Yellow Emperor, the first ancestor of Chinese culture, was born and founded in Zhengzhou. 3600 years ago, the second slavery Dynasty of China, the Shang Dynasty, established its capital here. Up to now, there are still seven kilometers of Shang Dynasty wall sites in the central city. There are nearly 10000 immovable cultural relics in the city, including the sites of shopping mall, Peiligang, the imperial mausoleum of the Northern Song Dynasty, the hometown of Xuanyuan Yellow Emperor, the hometown of Dufu, the hometown of Pan'an, etc., including 2 world cultural heritage sites, 74 national key cultural relics protection sites, 80 national key cultural relics protection sites, 131 provincial key cultural relics protection sites, 246 municipal key cultural relics protection sites, and nearly 150000 movable cultural relics The number and scale of cultural relics are among the top cities in China. It is also one of the few cultural relics intensive cities in China.
Zhengzhou has a large number of talents and splendid Central Plains culture, which has brought up generations of outstanding people and had a significant impact on Chinese history. For example, in the spring and Autumn period, statesman Zichan, Taoist master Liezi in the early Warring States period, Shen Buhai, one of the thinkers, statesmen and Legalists in the early Warring States period, Zheng Guo, a water conservancy expert in the late Warring States period, Han Fei, a major thinker and Legalist in the Warring States period, Chen Sheng, leader of the peasant uprising army in the late Qin Dynasty, Du MI, a famous minister in the Eastern Han Dynasty, pan an, a writer in the Western Jin Dynasty, painter and writer in the Tang Dynasty Zheng Qian, poet of Tang Dynasty, Du Fu who is known as "the sage of poetry", poet Bai Juyi and Li Shangyin of Tang Dynasty, litterateur Liang Zhouhan in the early Five Dynasties and Song Dynasty, architecturist Li Jie in the Northern Song Dynasty, educator and Neo Confucianism Xu Heng in the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, mathematician Chen Zhixun in the Qing Dynasty, patriotic general Sha Chunyuan in the Qing Dynasty, expert Cang Xiaohe in the history of science and technology in the Qing Dynasty, historian Jing Sanlin, etc.
Zhengzhou is a city rich in natural resources. There are 36 kinds of proven mineral deposits, including coal, bauxite, refractory clay, and oilstone. Among them, coal reserves are 6.36 billion tons, bauxite reserves are 200 million tons, refractory clay, cement limestone and other dominant minerals, natural oilstone is of good quality, and it is one of the largest oilstone bases in China.
Zhengzhou is an important hub city of railway, aviation, expressway, electric power, post and telecommunication in China. It is the only "double cross" center in the national ordinary railway and high-speed railway network. The construction of Zhengzhou south station and supporting projects of Zhengji, zhengwan, Zhenghe and high-speed railway has been started, and the formation of meter shaped high-speed railway network has been accelerated. Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport has opened 194 passenger and cargo routes at home and abroad, with a passenger throughput of 24.3 million person times, ranking 13th in the domestic airport, a cargo and mail throughput of 500000 tons, ranking 7th in the National Airport, ranking first among the top 50 airports in the world. Zhengzhou is one of the first national pilot cities of cross-border e-trade and a national level Internet backbone direct link city. The China Europe train (Zhengzhou) operates in a normal way "going eight times a week" and runs 501 classes throughout the year. The pattern of double hubs at home and abroad and multi-point distribution along the way is initially formed. The business volume of designated ports for automobiles, meat, fruits, frozen aquatic products and edible aquatic animals has been steadily increased. The postal port has become an important collection and distribution port for international mail, and the construction of drug import port has been accelerated. Ewto core function cluster area was officially listed, and "global trading network" and "single trade window" were put into operation online. The first global cross-border e-commerce conference was successfully held, with 92 million packages and 10 billion yuan worth of inbound and outbound commodities in the whole year, leading the country in terms of comprehensive indicators.